Why get up in the morning? Why do you eat, brush your teeth, go to school or work, or exercise? You don’t have to do any of these things, but many of us do. Why is that? Motivation is what makes us do things that are sometimes challenging or boring.
What is the basic model of motivation?
Your motivation comes from your needs. You need to eat to survive, you need to brush your teeth to stay healthy, you need to work hard to make money to buy food and pay the rent. There can be many different forms of demand – some are more emotional, like exams are good, and some are biological, such as drinking a glass of water when you’re thirsty. Your demand is likely to change in your entire life cycle, your thoughts, beliefs, feeling, environment, culture and social relationship, when you decide what at a certain time to play a role.
If your needs aren’t met, you may feel that you’ve lost your purpose or something you lack in your life. When you feel this way, you can try to fill in the gaps in your life and meet your needs. For example, if one of your needs is to go to medical school, you will be interested in taking biology and chemistry classes, working hard, getting good grades, and filling in the application to your favorite school. If you are accepted into medical school, you will succeed in meeting your needs (and will feel great!). But you may also have a new need – graduate from medical school! If you don’t be accepted, you will still feel lack of something, you will have been efforts to achieve their goals and to application process, or you may think different career will be better for you, choose a new work target.
What are different types of requirements?
Motivation theory focuses on the relative importance of different types of needs, which can be divided into three categories: physiological needs, psychological needs and learning needs.
Physiological needs are innate, biological and must be satisfied to survive. Some of the basic examples of physical need are hunger, thirst, and pain avoidance, which are regulated by your body’s internal system, which you’ve felt since the day you were born. Focus on physiological needs motivation theory emphasizes the importance of balance in the body, or internal system used to maintain balance and stability in the body, such as temperature control process, as well as throughout the body’s natural tendencies (such as circadian rhythm). A motivation theory is based on the physiological demand reduction theory, which suggests that motivated by your desire, to reduce internal stress, this is a sign that something from your body is off, you need to take action to live. For example, you feel hungry because your body releases hormones at certain times of the day. You eat hamburgers to reduce hunger and restore your balance. Also, when you have a headache, you can take medicine to ease the pain you feel’s – your body is telling you something is wrong, and you must take action to solve this problem.
Psychological needs are based on your thoughts, feelings, beliefs, expectations and self-image. Psychological needs are important to your mental health and well-being and create balance and harmony in your heart. One theory that focuses on psychological needs is the theory of cognitive dissonance, which shows that when your thoughts or beliefs are significantly different from your actions, you may feel uncomfortable or unhappy. Your discomfort makes you want to change your behavior and make you feel better. For example, if you think that dishonesty can make you a bad person, lying can make you feel very uncomfortable, anxious and uncomfortable. It’s only when you take different actions that you feel uncomfortable, which is more in line with your beliefs and thoughts – that means telling the truth. Once you tell the truth,
The need to learn is from the needs of your experience and is deeply influenced by what happens in your life. You’ve learned to praise, money, success and happiness – you’re not born to be a CEO or a startup, that’s what you learn to do. A learning demand theory, motivational theory, suggests that any experience with rewards will make you more motivated to act. For example, some libraries provide pizza parties for children who read a dozen books for summer children. If a child wants a prize, she will work hard and be motivated to read. As an adult, financial rewards from your work are a common learning requirement. For example, my brother is a sales representative for snowboard. If he sells most of the boards within the year, he gets a free ski trip. Because he likes to ski and wants a bonus, he learned to work harder and longer in the skiing season, and he usually won the race! The learning needs can also be the result of social relations and culture. For example, if my brother is married to a woman who felt the wealth and status are very important, he is likely to change the goal – and not motivated to win snowboarding trip, he will actively work hard, earn extra income, so that she can she want way of life.
Are all the needs equally important?
Everyone has different feelings on what to need most, but there’s a psychologist thinks, unless your basic needs such as survival related requirements are met, otherwise you can’t grow as a person. His name is Abraham maslow, who created the hierarchy of needs.
His theory divides demand into three categories: basic needs, psychological needs and self-actualization needs. Basic needs such as food, water, air and a safe place must be met before reaching other goals, such as having friends or positive self-esteem. When you meet the needs of the bottom of the pyramid, you can pursue goals that lead to your happiness and personal growth. For example, if you’re homeless, you don’t have enough food, you don’t have a safe environment, you may not be interested in creatively expressing your interest, or finding prestige in your work. If you are safe and reliable in a loving environment, you are more likely to want to achieve something at work or in the community. Maslow believes that you have the power to be your best self and strive for self-fulfillment.
What is intrinsic and extrinsic motivation?
The term “internal” and “external” mean where your motivation comes from, both inside and outside.
Intrinsic motivation is based on intrinsic motivation, such as what you like to do and what makes you happy. For example, my brother works for a ski company because he likes skis and is happiest on the hillside.
Extrinsic motivation is motivated by external factors, such as money, rewards, obligations, or recognition. My brother, for example, sells a certain amount of skis every year because he needs to make money and wants to get a return on his work.
Intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation are important, and most people take this into account when setting goals for themselves. Think about how these two guys worked in my brother’s work environment. The behavior of intrinsic motivation improves the quality of his work – he likes snowboarding and really wants people to like skis, which is why he wants to be part of the winter sports industry. Extrinsic motivation behavior raised his workload, because when he sell more skis, he will get a reward – he was praised by the boss, make more money, and deserve a reward. Because he has the enthusiasm of inner and outer in snowboarding industry work, so he can become one of the best on behalf of the industry – people love their energy and enthusiasm, so he sold every year a large number of skis, and earn a high salary! His condition is very typical – most managers will ask you about your career goals and your interest, because if they can find a way to combine what you are doing with your assigned tasks, you will be better, happier, more motivated! The workers.
When you set and achieve goals, you feel happy and motivated to continue to set high standards for yourself. Why is that? The answer lies in your brain – when you reach your goal, your brain releases dopamine, a chemical associated with pleasure.
Some people think that the key to achieving a goal is to write it down! When you write down a goal, make sure it’s specific, and make a list of small discrete steps that can help you achieve your goals and give yourself time to accomplish your goals. For example, instead of “I’m going to lose weight,” I wrote, “I’ll lose 10 pounds in 6 months, 3 times a week, 4 times a week, 4 times a week.”