Climate change that affects army training.
(military news agency, Washington, April 27, 2016) – for large green machine – the United States army – climate change, prevent, or at least efforts to adapt to it is not only saving the planet, and even whales. This is about training, training ground, how the army is fighting, the army is being asked to fight and where to fight.
Last Friday, April 22 was earth day. Every year since 1970. At the same time, as the army, vice minister of the sustainable development of energy and Richard kidd, iv, and from the navy, air force and department colleague on April 26, the defence secretary, said the pentagon panel discussed the services related to climate change.
Climate change training
Kidd says climate change has a very clear impact on soldiers, including how the weather affects the ability of troops to prepare for combat missions.
The army needs training, kidd said. In Iraq and Afghanistan after 14 years of counter-insurgency, the army is looking for in terms of “full-spectrum” ready, also known as the “in support of the unified land decisive action”. The readiness of the army’s chief of staff is a priority for the army, and the extensive training of the army’s combat training center is an important part of that effort.
“There is no scope and land,” kidd said. “the army is ready. “One of the key areas of our training is in irvine, California, where we have a bridge maneuver.”
Kidd said the city suffered three years of drought, so there was no rain on the ground. “All of a sudden, we got all this water in a day, and we rushed out of the whole of ervington’s fire training ground.”
Kidd OuWenYu said: “over the land’s capacity to absorb water, caused flash floods and water loss and soil erosion, caused the mountain, the control tower, firing platform and the target slope protection, most of them were destroyed. We can’t use these areas for training, which is an army unique asset that affects the training cycle, and there is a huge cost to solve this problem.
Kidd also pointed out the flooding in ustsburg, Virginia; Melting permafrost in Alaska affected the ability of soldiers to use the shooting platform there; And the corrosion of the bunker lane in fort benning, Georgia.
At fort benning, kidd said, “many of the tank trails on the device have been severely eroded.” “We have been having an erosion problem, but the past year has been accelerated by changes in rainfall patterns and the amount and intensity of rainfall.”
Soldiers, kidd said, were under high pressure, and their performance decreased as the heat increased.
The army technical bulletin MED 507 details the various temperature categories and the activity intensity that can be safely performed under these temperatures. For example, the “class IV” temperature condition is defined as between 88-89.9 degrees. The temperature condition of “V class” is higher than 90 degrees.
The announcement provides recommendations for specific types of activities that can be performed at different temperatures, as well as the duration of these activities. These activities include patrolling, calisthenics, low climbing, field impact, walking on sand, and building defensive positions.
Climate change affects the number of days in some parts of the country, and these days are classified as the fourth or fifth category. This affects the army’s ability to train in these areas.
Fort Stewart, Georgia, kidd said, the temperature of the figure shows that “if you take the middle road estimation on future climate change, we will from the class of the fourth or fifth every year 80 days to 130 days a year of weather four and five” category.
Fort Stewart is 150 miles southeast of Fort Jackson, south Carolina, where the army trains 35,000 base students each year.
“If about half of our training time is going to be the fourth or fifth category, can we really train the soldiers? Do we have to reduce or eliminate their outdoor activities? He asked.
More fighting; unstable
The arc of “winning in a complex world” is a word spread throughout the army. For example, the factors that make the world “complex” include population growth, consumption growth, urbanization, energy transformation and technology diffusion.
“But one of these trends is climate change,” kidd said. “For the army, what does this mean for planning and action?”
Kidd points out that in any given country, “governance capacity” is the ability of the government to provide public goods and services to citizens and tripartite members.
He said the impact of climate change, such as rising sea levels or the scarcity of fresh water, could overwhelm the government’s ability to provide services, which is also a failed state.
“If a country can’t meet these demands, then the country will bounce back,” kidd said.
Kidd said the failed states or other “unmanaged” areas would leave room for terrorists to take over the mature vacuum. “This is the space for petri dishes to cultivate these threats.”
Kidd described sub-saharan Africa as the “unstable arc” of central Asia.
“These countries will be most adversely affected by climate change,” he said. “The impact of climate change and other global trends may overwhelm the region governance capability, and when the governance ability overwhelmed, you’ll get a chance to face an unsafe – an unstable, uncontrolled space. There could be terrorism, crime, civil war and all these other security threats. ”
When that happened, he said, “the decision must be made by the civil command. Is it worth the military intervention?
He said climate change could mean an increase in U.S. engagement.
Given this, kidd said, such problem can pass the army’s regional power concept, the development of the ability of the host country, battle command strategic participation and other government agencies to participation, such as the United States agency for international development. All of this is an example of how the United States can help strengthen governance to avoid future failures.
Where is the bomb?
In 2011, the tsunami-triggered tsunami caused the failure of the fukushima daiichi nuclear power plant in eastern Japan.
The Japanese manufacturer, which relies on the power produced by fukushima, is responsible for producing a small plastic part used to connect car dashboards to the chassis.
“Every car has these gaskets,” kidd said. He added that Japanese manufacturers of these parts accounted for most of the world. “So when fukushima went out, the BMW line in Europe closed.
Today, the private sector’s leading consulting firms are now considering providing supply chain resilience to their consulting firms, kidd said.
“Private companies are looking at potential disruptions in the supply chain,” kidd said. But for the army, he said: “we are to give full consideration to, and suppliers of supply chain and vulnerability of destructive events, army supply chain, extreme weather, especially where the water is the vulnerability of supply chain, driving events? ”
The army did spend a lot of time and effort to ensure the adequacy and safety of the supply chain, kidd said.
But we need to incorporate climate change considerations into our ongoing process. “We in the past two years has already started the work, in particular, we have developed and is building a series of water conservation function, the industrial facilities are concentrated in manufacturing water consumption is very big.”
The earth day of the army.
“For the military, it’s about national security.” Kidd said on earth day. “The impact of climate change and environmental degradation will increase our demand, and will also impose more restrictions on our training and preparation and the use of scarce capital. The sooner we start, the better prepared we will be and the lower the cost will be. “