Sports equipment: fit and function.
The key to prevention of youth sports injury is to use exercise equipment correctly. The equipment guidelines are variable and specific for each movement, so it is important to check with the national sports agency on the current and specific agreements.
With the growth and development of young athletes, the size and need of equipment must also be changed accordingly. Both exercise and games should be worn with protective gear, such as elbow pads, pads, proper foot wear, helmet, glasses, gloves, etc. Coaches and parents should monitor the appropriate use and suitability of the safety equipment worn by young athletes and assist in adjusting equipment when necessary. Coaches, parents and young athletes must pay attention to the problem of “risk compensation”. Risk compensation occurs when athletes act in dangerous ways in protective gear, which can actually lead to increased physical activity.
Common protective equipment:
Big mouth: sports such as hockey, ice hockey, rugby, rugby and lacrosse, but are also common in sports such as football and basketball. Masks should be worn to prevent tooth injury. They are usually worn only on the palate, which can be “one size fits all” and can be customized by the dentist. The “one-size-fits-all” model is less effective than the customised version of dental care, but cheaper.
Helmet: a hard shell helps protect the head and face and absorbs shock. They are usually seen in sports such as football, hockey wrestling, equestrian, cycling, roller-skating and skiing. The helmet prevents various forms of head injuries, including skull fractures, and reduces the impact the brain feels. “Teenage athletes often have higher head injuries than adult athletes,” highlighting the importance of wearing helmets in practice and competition to keep young athletes healthy and safe. Trained individuals in particular sports should seek to ensure proper installation of helmets for all athletes.
Footwear: footwear varies by sport and location. Footwear should be used instead of regular running shoes or cross-training shoes if specific footwear can be used for sports or competition venues. Shoes that do not match the sport’s surface may lead to subsequent injury risks, such as knee, lower leg and back injuries. Trained sports professionals should be used to choose the right shoes for athletes. The comfort, fitness and stability of shoes should be evaluated. Every athlete’s unique foot biomechanics and athletic needs must be considered.