Can Colombia solar power shine?
The Colombian capital suffers from intense seasonal showers and frequent cloudy skies. But this is an obstacle for the 8 million residents to gain a foothold as a renewable energy source.
“Bogota is a city of Colombian solar energy,” said marcos spaez of panasonic in Colombia.
In recent years, malls and malls have used their wide roofs for new solar projects. These include the Plaza las Americas shopping center and the Alkosto on the Carrera 68 of Bogota.
The system, which was launched in November 2014, is Colombia’s largest system, at the ecktoto store in barranquilla.
Last year, near La Macarena, ColegioRamonJimeno became the first photovoltaic panel high school in Bogota.
On average, Bogota doesn’t have as much solar energy per unit area as solar, like La Guajira. But the capital’s temperate climate is an important advantage, since photovoltaic solar panels typically convert sunlight into electricity at a relatively cool temperature.
Mr. Pas did not outline the suitability of the solar climate in Bogota. He explained that the topography of Bogota affects the wind and weather patterns, creating a different microclimate in the city.
In the north several kilometers, project design must take into account the high humidity in the area, which corrodes the system components or causes electrical problems. On the other hand, “southern Bogota has a very good solar microclimate,” he said.
In Colombia two-thirds of its electricity comes from another source of renewable energy, hydropower. Much of the rest comes from coal, oil and gas plants.
In order to reduce national carbon emissions and expand electricity supply, especially in areas where the state grid is not reaching, the government is seeking to establish local expertise in new sources of energy, including solar power.
Solar power can help spread Colombia combination, in order to avoid the shortage of electricity in drought, especially in the hydrology, meteorology and environmental research (IDEAM) Columbia institute forecast, Columbia network power plant will generate less energy in the future, as the light of environmental change to reduce the average annual rainfall in Colombia.
In May 2014, Colombia’s congress passed the 1715 bill, an important initiative to promote new energy sources. The law, by creating tax and accounting benefits to promote clean energy projects, cancels import tariffs on related equipment, calls for new technical standards, and sells surplus electricity to the grid.
This summer, mining industry and the department of mining and energy planning department (UPME) released a report on the study by the Columbia unconventional renewable energy integration, strengthening the importance of “1715”.
The report’s recommendations include easy access to incentives under law no. 1715, and higher prices for power grids to buy excess power from small generators.
There are some obstacles to Colombian solar energy. Most photovoltaic solar equipment is imported, and the devaluation of the peso has pushed up the price of equipment for Colombian buyers.
New research from UPME also points out that the projected electricity demand in the next five years is likely to be met by hydropower projects under construction.
Time will tell Colombia how fast solar power is generated and how much it will play in providing electricity.
Mr Paez, however, is optimistic about consumer demand for renewable energy.
“Our customers are very proud of their solar projects.”