Why invest in European mental health?
Over the past few decades, Europe has become increasingly aware of the primary focus of integrating mental health into the public health agenda.
This recognition is based on existing evidence of the severity of mental health problems in European countries. Mental disorders are common in Europe and a major burden on society. According to who estimates, every citizen is affected at least once in their lives and can be found in more than 10 per cent of the EU population in any given year. Neuropsychiatric disorders are the second leading cause of disability adjusted life years (DALYs) in the European region of the world health organization, accounting for 19.5% of all DALYs.
Suicide remains an important cause of premature death in Europe, with more than 50,000 people dying each year, according to eurostat. Nine of the ten countries with the highest suicide rates in the world are in Europe.
There is also a link between mental health problems and productive human capital losses. The eu survey of mental health, the high cost associated with mental disorders, such as high attendance and absenteeism, and significantly lower in patients with mental disorders or income, it is also have the job of the main causes of disability allowance.
On the other hand, more and more data show that positive mental health and well-being are the key factors for social cohesion, economic progress and sustainable development in the eu. Mental health is the human rights and key resources of the eu as an intellectual society to achieve success and achieve the strategic goals of Lisbon.
It is now known what works in the treatment of mental health promotion, prevention, care and mental disorders. The challenge now is to implement this knowledge.
Services and practices do not always reflect what works in mental health and treatment. Community mental health services in many countries are limited, with few professional help for young or old people.
Many people in large mental hospitals have been neglected and abused, which is reflected in high mortality rates. Stigma and prejudice are universal and affect all aspects of mental health, including whether people seek and receive help.
Efforts to establish a framework for European action.
The European Union and member states (MS) have made significant efforts to improve the mental health of the population. However, despite all these efforts, much remains to be done. In European countries, at least 30% of the patients with severe mental disorders have no opportunity to gain mental health care, most people don’t have proved effective intervention measures from the aspects of prevention and promote benefit.
It is in this case, launched in June 2008 “European convention on the mental health and welfare” agree “is necessary to take decisive political measures, make mental health a priority”, “including all age groups, different gender, ethnic and socioeconomic groups, mental health and well-being of citizens and groups need to targeted interventions to promote, these interventions should be considered and is sensitive to the diversity of the population of Europe”.
In order to achieve these goals, a series of thematic meetings were held from 2009 to 2011 to promote exchange of experience and enhance cooperation between stakeholders. Finally, in response to all these events, the council invited member states and the commission in 2011 to conduct joint action on mental health and well-being in health programmes.
Joint action on mental health and happiness.
Launched in 2013, the “mental health and welfare joint action” (JA MH – WB) aims to build the mental health policy framework for action, and the European association for mental health to carry out, on the basis of the previous work benefits. Funded by European health and consumer agency, joint operation involving 28 11 members of the European Union and European organizations of 51 partners, by the university of Lisbon, Portugal, Nova Nova medical school/Faculdade deCienciasMedicas coordination.
JA mh-wb aims to contribute to promoting the mental health and well-being of people with mental disorders in Europe, to prevent mental disorders and to improve the nursing and social integration of people with mental disorders.
The joint action involves five aspects:
Promoting mental health in the workplace;
Promoting the mental health of schools;
Developing community-based and community-based mental health care for patients with severe mental disorders; and
Promote integration of mental health in all policies.
This goal will be achieved through the establishment of an organized collaborative workflow involving MS, EU, relevant stakeholders and international organizations, leading to the development of a recognized framework for action.