12 million amateur innovators in the United States.
Adam Davidson (Adam Davidson) in his latest column in the report in the journal “New York times”, create product independent inventors are at an unprecedented rate, but few successful apply for a patent and sell their works. We asked Eric Von bush at the Massachusetts institute of technology & poor’s (Eric Von Hippel), explain why so many americans invented new products at home, commercial success with them. His answer is as follows.
According to our research, nearly 12 million americans have created or modified the products they use at home. But the vast majority – more than 90 percent – will never get their creative patents. So what motivates them?
The innovators we are studying (whose innovations may or may not meet the standards of invention) are user innovators – a completely different breed from the independent inventor.
User innovators have the incentive to create a new product to use it, not to sell it, and they are generally very successful at doing what they start doing. They justify their investment in creative activities based on their satisfaction with their products.
For example, from mountain biking to white-water kayaking, almost all sports equipment innovation is developed by participants in these sports, rather than by sports equipment makers. Innovative sports equipment users report long hours of work and spend a lot of money to create and improve their technology and equipment. They then use it in person to improve their exercise practices to get the desired return on their investment.
Innovative consumers generally do not protect their own innovation through patents, or they can share their innovations with friends for free, and these innovations are often solved. Why would they do that? They are not friends’ rivals, and their friends use their inventions not their losses. In fact, when people say, “wow, you really developed something really cool!” They tend to get happiness and social benefits.
Now, many commercial products are also based on user innovation, from the development of sports fans of sports equipment, to the patients with the development of family medical innovation, as well as the formula developed by housewives. The producers of these innovative technologies often do so without acknowledging or paying for innovative users.
To some extent, we may think that this is unfair, and some producers are beginning to correct their practices. Innovation, however, the user innovation can actually get their expected returns – recall, is the purpose of their investment in order to benefit from the use what they create, rather than through sales for a profit.
Consumer innovation among consumers is huge and rewards the participants. Producers benefit from the spillover effects created by these innovative users. In order to understand the “creator” huge and growing phenomenon, we need to put our emphasis from independent inventors to sales, to the invention and innovation and development purposes of consumers, and often Shared.