How to survive climate change? The clues are buried in the arctic.
We’re on the white land bridge, which has a mammoth 20,000 years ago. Today, the land is covered with fresh green grass and tiny shrubs.
But there are some strange things – bright white objects protruding from the ground.
When I approached the archaeologist Owen Mason, he told me what they were.
It’s not just the bones we see. On closer inspection, I found the relics scattered around us.
“It’s here, it’s a knife from urumqi,” he said, picking up a flat stone. “It’s a knife that’s been used to cut animal meat for three hundred years.”
There is a sled runner, a ceramic, and even an ancient oil residue.
Buried beneath the tundra is a secret seaside community that has been preserved in frozen soil for 1,000 years.
Under the green grass of the ruixing whale site is the remains of an old seaside village.
In these families, he says, there are clues as to how ancient people survived climate change.
“Would you like to see one of them? Ask mason of the university of Colorado at boulder.
He took me to a huge hole in the ground, where scientists were digging a 1,000-year-old log cabin.
“The level of work to build this house – it’s amazing,” said Claire Alix, an archaeologist at the university of pantheon and at Fairbanks university in Alaska.
It’s true. The house is an impressive beach house. It has at least three rooms, including a kitchen, on multiple levels, possibly to prevent cold and keep the house warm in winter. The floors and walls are made of beautiful trunks.
The white land bridge national monument in Alaska is an archaeological dig.
“Look at the size of these logs,” said Alix. “They are huge.”
Over the next few weeks, the team hopes to recover more than 1, 000 artifacts, arrows, furs, bones, and even clothing from their homes for 1,000 years.
Archaeologist Lauren Norman gently picked up a small piece of very soft clothing that was full of black dirt and said, “it’s leather. It has very thick leather inside. “Cool.”
As the artifacts appeared one by one, I quickly realized that these ancient arctic people are very much like us today.
They were dressed in leather. They may have dogs. “Big dog, yes,” said Norman. They have tattoos and follow strict gluten-free diets – seals, reindeer, fish and birds. They like to make broth.
“During this time, people boil their bones to oil and eat them or put them in soup,” Norman said.
These people have something else in common today, says Owen mason: their climate is changing dramatically.
“This is called the medieval climate anomaly,” he said. “This seems to be a unique era in climate history.
Scientists are not sure why – perhaps a shift in solar output; There may be volcanoes involved – but for some reason, the world’s climate has disappeared for a few thousand years. Some parts of the world are warming like Europe.
“The vineyards spread all the way to England,” mason said.
But other regions, such as the Middle East and the arctic, are getting colder.
“The glaciers are expanding,” mason said. “there really is a huge storm.
The world is changing fast. “I like to think of it as climate chaos,” he said. Families living in this family have to find a way to adapt.
“One of those things that just happened today,” mason said. “This Paula”.
Basically, mason says, tie the weight on a piece of string. It is a powerful weapon for hunting birds. Put the weight in a circle and throw it into the air. You can kill the bird in flight.
That sounds simple enough. But mason believes this may be the key to survival.
“Catching birds on the fly seems to be a very effective hunting tool,” he said. So, with Paula, families can use more birds to supplement their diets when other sources of food disappear because of climate change.
“It seems to be happening right in the age of climate change,” mason said.
Another innovation, Mr. Mason says, came at the same time: “scarred.”
This device is crazy. It’s basically a nail that’s used to plug the wounds of dead animals. Why is that?
Mason said: “you are sealing the injured seal so that you can keep the blood and not lose it when you bring it back to the camp.” “It gives you some valuable nutrients.”
To live in the arctic, people need to become technical experts. They have a little tool for everything. Seriously, they will make silicon valley’s geeks shy of innovation.
So when climate change threatens their food supply, they innovate.
“Technology and innovation follow climate challenges and animal requirements,” Mr. Mason said. “This is a direct or indirect concern of arctic archaeologists.”
This trend has occurred many times in human history. The ability of people to create new tools helps them survive rapid changes in the environment.
For us, the idea is now a bit of a contradiction. If you think about it, technology is what gets us into this current climate mess.
Is that the key to getting us out of here?
Bill Gates thinks so. “We need to adapt to climate change that has affected the planet and develop new tools to prevent problems from getting worse,” he wrote on his blog on Tuesday. “Innovation is the key to doing both.” (as our readers know, the gates foundation is the sponsor of NPR and the blog.)
But there is a survival strategy that we can learn from ancient people in the arctic, said Dennis O ‘rourke, an anthropologist at the university of Kansas.
He took me to the beach to show me the evidence.
“If we go west right now, between 200 and 250 miles, you’ll be near the bering strait and Russia,” said o ‘rourke, standing on the surface of the sea.
Now there is water separating us from Russia. But twenty thousand years ago, there was something else that kept people away from North America: glaciers.
O ‘rourke said: “the glaciers prevent people from entering the continent east or south.
But another climate change has begun. The earth began to warm up. The glacier began to melt and reveal the land.
“People have the opportunity to move into new areas,” he said. “They can travel along the coast and eventually spread across the continent.
So in a sense, what is climate change getting people into North America?
“Yes, in a way,” O ‘rourke said. “Climate change can be a constraint on what people do, and it can provide an opportunity — an opportunity to move into new areas.”
And then you start to wonder what we’re going to find in this climate change process. Where did you go? Maybe we must say goodbye to the earth.