Habitual brain: routine behavior and thinking are the structure of life.
Habits are blessings and curses.
What is habit?
This is a skillful act or way of thinking.
It is unwise for some philosophers to think that unaccustomed existence is desirable to us. They are wrong in this. But a deeper mistake is to assume that this existence is even possible.
An unaccustomed existence would be the existence of a robot; It would be a matter of course. But if nothing can be taken for granted, you can’t start anything. How can you talk, if you can’t be fluent, that is to say, you habitually master the words, meaning and way of speaking, for granted? How do you read the newspaper? Imagine you have to think and decide where to put your feet in the morning! Without a habit, no one can be considered human or even animal form of life. To have a mind like ours, you need a habit like ours. The field of robotics and artificial intelligence should be aware of this: rather than making smart robots, try to design machines that are used to them! Habits and habits of behavior form the skeleton of what we know about life.
I was told that Goethe said the building was frozen music. In fact, architecture is a frozen habit.
There are two paths in the park near my home. The park’s original designers laid a paved road. The unpaved road created by pedestrians is unwilling to be restricted by the latter. Both are real paths. A set of plans and execution. The other is the habitual activity of park users.
The natural or artificial environment reflects the compromise between design and habit. Our bodies are exactly the same. Indeed, habit is or should be considered the basic category of biological thought.
Many of the human cortical real estate is dedicated to the hands; If your hands are not fit for human needs and dilemmas, then not. Of course, the hand wouldn’t be as good if it weren’t for the appropriate cortical infrastructure. This is a virtuous circle. We see it everywhere. We can digest milk because we drink milk. We drink milk because of its nourishment, we can digest it. Mutations in genes that control cell growth and death affect the anatomy of a cortical region. But in the same way, the cortex is also affected by genetic mutations that control the growth of sensory appendages such as hands, limbs and money. That’s why the platypus touch cortex is very dedicated to supporting the use of this act as a perceptual apparatus.
All of this suggests that animals habitually live as a key element in understanding animals – as an individual or as a biological process for a species – to become one of these animals.
I believe that habits play a deeper, more important role in shaping the mind and the brain. Let’s go back to the question of what makes the cortical visual region the opposite of hearing. I don’t mean that now, what caused it to get this function. I mean, how does it get this function. Even better: what does it do? I have been arguing – is first and foremost with the late philosopher Susan Hurley (Susan Hurley), a series of papers, then in my book “beyond our mind: why you are not your brain and consciousness of the biology of other lesson” (hill and wang, 2009) you can’t explain the unique visual characteristics of neural activity in the cortical regions rather than seen in the behavior in the context of the embedded neural activity. Physical movement produces sensory changes. As Paris psychologist Kevin Mr Regan macneil (Kevin O ‘Regan) and I have argued, each a unique sensory forms (see, touch, etc.) has a unique way, in this way, the feeling of movement characteristic. Therefore, it is assumed that neural activity is what makes the vision (for example) not the intrinsic characteristic of neural activity, but the way that neural activity depends, and changes with the movement of the animal. Or to sum up: when the brain supports visual habits, the brain is visual, the habit of supporting touch is auditory, and so on.
Mrganka Sur, a neuroscientist at the Massachusetts institute of technology, has changed the newborn ferrets by surgery to splice the retinal cells together, connecting them together to form a normally auditory place. What happens to the cortical heart that reconnects to the brain? Will reconnecting ferrets hear with their eyes? No, it’s in its auditory brain. This is what our proposal predicts. The auditory cortex is used and integrated in visual work by the motor of visual sensory movement and environmental exchange. As the critics have observed, the rewired cortex actually presents the lower level of organizational traits found in the “normal” visual cortex (feel the field, etc.). But this further supports our hypothesis. After all,
We like to think that we can explain what we are and what we can do with our brains. But it turns out that the brain itself, and its role in consciousness and cognition, can best understand what we are and what we can do. Either way, habits play a fundamental role in understanding our identity.