The organization of health systems.


The organization of health systems.

The health system in Albania is basically public. The state provides most services to the people in the field of promotion, prevention, diagnosis and treatment. The private sector is still at the forefront, covering most of the medical services, dental services and specialist clinics that are concentrated in Tirana.

In the public sector, the ministry of health plays a leading role, and the ministry of health is drafting and responsible for health system policies and strategies, as well as monitoring and coordination of all participants within and outside the system.

The diagnosis and treatment of health services are classified into three levels: primary care, secondary hospital services and tertiary hospitals.

Public health and outreach services are provided in the context of primary health care and are supported and monitored by IPH.

In addition, they provide services to national blood transfusion centers, national health care centers, child development and rehabilitation centers, university dental clinics and other national institutions.

The national centre for biomedical engineering, the national drug control centre and the national health agency quality assurance and accreditation centre are also providing support to health institutions.

As Tirana, one of the pilot project was carried out under the reorganization of the primary health care services, and create the RHA has, in any area, their work order DFS department of public health and should coordinate all medical services. DFSS operates as an independent director hospital management and primary health care in 12 large districts (regional centers). The organization will review the ASHR pilot project, which aims to establish regional authorities and coordinate the operation of health services in the region.

Institute of health insurance

The health insurance of the republic of Albania has been institutionalized in accordance with the “health insurance law of the republic of Albania” (no. 7870) promulgated on 13 October 1994. This is the bismarck type. The health insurance scheme was implemented on 1 March 1995 as an important mechanism for reforming the health care system, both in funding and increasing medical resources and improving the quality of services.

National institutions

The health system in Albania has also been supported by a number of national institutions directly dependent on the ministry of health.

Institute of public health.

The highest technical institution in the field of public health is the national institute of public health, which is directly under the ministry of health. His responsibilities include research and monitoring of risk factors, infectious disease surveillance, laboratory reference, and management of vaccination programmes. Many short-term learning programs or the implementation of health programs are part of their activities. Public health research also plays an important role in public health training.

National drug control center.

The center is the body responsible for controlling any activity in the pharmaceutical industry. It controls:

A) manufacturing activities, environment and equipment.

B) wholesale and retail trade and the storage conditions of drugs,

C) first pharmaceutical and packaging materials.

D) drugs imported from all licensed subjects.

National blood transfusion center

Goal is to provide the national center for blood transfusion blood and blood products, to meet the most stringent blood transfusion requirements, used in the treatment of an accident, serious and chronic anemia patients, cancer patients, patients will undergo surgical intervention, bleeding of women at the time of birth.

The national blood transfusion service is composed of 29 blood Banks, three blood Banks and 26 districts.

Tirana national child development, rehabilitation and rehabilitation center.

QKMZHRF Tirana was founded in 2000, based on the Distrophic hospital in Tirana, and is the national diagnostic, trauma and training center.

Its mission is to improve the quality of life of children with special needs and to support their families so that they can find partners on the long road to rehabilitation, care and education.

National center for biomedical engineering.

Its purpose is to prevent and maintenance of medical equipment, medical equipment and medical institutions (doctors, specialists, nurses) staff with t ` I better service for patients, improve the quality of service to them.

National health organization quality assurance and accreditation center.

Qkcsa-ish will support the ministry of health in implementing long-term national health strategies in the following areas:

The quality of health systems continued to improve.

Education and training for medical staff and other partners to understand the quality of medical care and to create a new culture.

Recertification of public and private sector medical personnel on a regular basis.

Develop, disseminate and monitor clinical guidelines for best clinical practice (clinical procedures) to support medical staff.

Recognized Albanian public and private health institutions.

Treating education and empowerment patients as the main central role of the health system.

Minimizing risks and errors in medical institutions: improving the safety of patients and medical staff.

Use the necessary and more humane health systems to assess and select existing and latest technologies.

Create, collect and use scientific evidence for best practices in practice.

It is of interest and necessity to establish contact and technical coordination with partners, institutions or organizations in the above areas to establish the ministry of health.

An unhygienic dental clinic.

It is operated according to the regulations of the ministry of health and their respective instructions.

Provide professional services in the following areas: maxiophagy Surgery, Therapies, Orthopaedics, Pedodontics, and provide professional medical professionals.

Medical transport with helicopters.

When such a service is needed, the task is to cover the medical emergency. Main activities: medical professional helicopter transport for acute patients.

Health care clinics.

The task is to provide emergency services and primary care for national highways.

Service: if necessary, accompany the government delegation to provide emergency medical assistance in advance.

The country continues education.

The task is to encourage the professional development of all types of professionals to achieve and improve the development of their knowledge and skills.

Main activities: draft national plans for continuing training activities for health personnel.


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