The equipment of professional athletes has a positive appeal.
In the 2002 film “like mike”, a man named Calvin Cambridge (Calvin Cambridge) of teenage orphans found a pair of old shoes, writing the faded words “MJ” inside, and convince himself used to belong to Michael Jordan. He quickly discovered that the shoes were contagious, giving them to those who wore extraordinary power on the basketball court and continuing to enjoy the successful careers of professional players.
The use of professional equipment to improve their own performance of superstitions is very popular among amateur athletes. However, this particular belief may be more than just superstition. According to the open access journal “PLoS ONE” that they use to a new study of professional golf player putts amateur golfer is not only putting down more than others, but also think this hole is bigger.
The law of infection is a magical idea that James George Frazier first described more than a hundred years ago. In his classic 1890 classic, “the study of magic and religion,” he wrote, “the things that once touched each other are still interacting with each other after physical contact is cut off. “[the magician] reasoned that whatever he did to the material object would also affect the person who was in contact with it, whether or not it constituted part of his body.
Thus, the law describes the belief that temporary contact with an object causes certain properties to permanently transfer to another object. As far as exercise equipment is concerned, infection is thought to have a positive effect, but it can also have a negative effect. For example, in 1986, according to a study published in the contact with sterilized cockroach short drinks and is believed to have once been unpopular people wear clean clothes were considered to be unpopular.
For the new study, Charles Lee of the university of Virginia perception lab and his colleagues recruited 41 undergraduates who said they had experienced golf experience and enthusiasm for the sport. The participants were randomly divided into two groups, and the researchers told a team that they had already obtained the putt used by professional golfer Ben Curtis.
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All the participants, and then a putter matt. First, they asked them to use the elliptical tool in Microsoft Paint to estimate the size of the golf holes in the sublight, and then use the same putter to hold 10 putters in the sublight. Those who believe they use professional golfers have long believed that golf holes are higher than those in the other group. Moreover, this belief improves their performance – and they push the bar lower than others.
A few years ago, psychologist Jessica Witt of purdue university and her colleagues reported that physical activity affects the perception of goal size. Participants were asked to score in an American football field and then estimate the size of the goal. Those who scored three or more goals thought the goal was larger than the goal of lower scores, suggesting that some feedback mechanism regulates perception based on performance.
The new study extends this early work to show that the relationship between action and perception is more complex than previously thought. This indicates that the appearance of the golf hole may change before any putter occurs. Therefore, feedback on a person’s performance is obviously not necessary for this perception change, and the increase of the apparent size of the observed golf hole may lead to improved performance.
The authors provide several explanations for how positive contagion affects performance. Some participants believed that using the Curtis pup might encourage them to use positive mental imagery associated with his past success. Another possibility is the so-called launch: believe that the putt has been used by professionals, and may lead participants to feel the concept of “skill”.
Finally, the results can be explained by an object evaluation, which can produce a powerful placebo effect. For example, the price of drugs affects their effectiveness, and more expensive drugs are more effective than cheaper ones. Similarly, expensive wines are thought to be cheaper and better. Therefore, the belief of using professional putter can enhance your shooting ability in a similar way. Although such effects are difficult to measure experimentally, the new study lays the foundation for further research into the possible scientific basis of other superstitions.