Philando castilla’s driving life and death.
Philando castile’s traffic jam, when he still has his study permit. He stopped the day before his 19th birthday.
From there, he entered a seemingly endless traffic stop, a fine, a court appearance, late fees, revocation and resumption of circulation in various jurisdictions.
The court record raises big questions: is castile the target of the police? Or was he just a careless or unfortunate driver?
Of these records NPR analysis shows that the 32-year-old cafeteria staff by police shot dead during a traffic jam in the suburbs, Sao Paulo, 46, was stopped by the police fined more than $6000. Another curious statistic: of all the sites, only six are what cops notice from outside the car, such as speeding or breaking up the muffler.
Records show that castile had spent most of his driving life. For example, three months after the first stop, his license was suspended and he entered the first spiral state: on January 8, 2003, the police stopped him. They stopped his action on February 3, February 12 and 26 February. March 4th.
Erik Sandvick said: “the symbol that Mr. Castilian has shown for many of our public defenders is that driving is often a crime of poverty.” Erik Sandvick, a public defender in Ramsey county, including Sao Paulo and its suburbs, said.
When heard of castilla, sounds very familiar with his name, so in 2006 the one case, sander vic checked records, saw his name is listed as castilla public defender. He vaguely remembered castile, but his story was like many other clients he owned. They get tickets they can’t afford, and then they are fined for driving repeatedly or without insurance.
Nicole gonzalez, van, Cleveland, in temple university professor of criminal justice and the author crook county, which recorded the problems of the criminal justice system in Chicago, says what is castilla criminologist at the so-called “net” classic case “expand”, or the local authorities will be more and more normal life as a criminal offence.
“Especially the people of color and the poor are the victims of every day,” said gonzalez van cleef.
Larpenteur avenue is the dividing line between Sao Paulo and the surrounding suburbs. The falcon heights, which was pulled down by st. Anthony’s police, is one of them. Maplewood, about 10 miles away, is another.
Paul Schnell, the police chief of Maplewood, said he could not comment on the castilian police station, but he had seen nearly 50 citations from castilia in the neighborhood when he was driving.
Schnell says all communities along the Larpenteur have police priorities. He says many people think traffic law enforcement is good policing.
“In communities where there is no need for service, officers will want to take action, do things and make things, because that is more and more,” she said.
In some ways, she adds, it is a cycle involving everyone: the driver may lose his license and the police may run their plates.
“A registered owner will have a driving behavior after suspension or cancellation, which often leads to parking,” she said.
Castilla’s driving problems often seem to be triggered by small things – his license plate problem or stop the intersection. When he fails to keep up with the fine, his license will be suspended and he will continue to drive.
Especially from 2006 to 2012. Castilla stopped 29 times. Sometimes he was fined $270, sometimes $150, but he kept adding. He quickly accumulated a fine of more than $5,000.
“I was just confused and I was killed by my brother in the same car,” castilla’s sister said. Allyza castilia thinks it’s her brother’s long hair and the big car he likes to drive – like his oldsmobier – makes him stand out.
“I was pulled three or four times by this car for the same reason – the taillights were said to be bad,” she said. “When you run the board, his name appears, so I’ve been harassing his car, so I know they’re harassing my brother.
Of course, we don’t know the intention. Or if the police know something about castile, it’s not in the public record.
Professor Myron Orfield, a professor at the university of Minnesota law school, said he was not surprised. Back in 2003, he studied racial bias in police work.
The study, commissioned by the state, found that african-americans and latinos were more likely to be stopped than whites. Especially when they cross most white suburbs or through border areas, as the locals say, they are seven times more likely to be intercepted by the police.
“When you look at the differences between neighborhoods in the neighborhood, it often indicates that there is some potential discrimination going on,” he said.
This week, the SAN Antonio police department released statistics on traffic jams. They showed that officials had issued citations at the same rate as those in the neighborhood, but the police arrested African americans disproportionately.
About 7 percent of the residents who patrol the area are African americans, but this year they accounted for about 47 percent of the arrests. Figures show that African-American arrests have been higher since 2011.
Nekima Levy-Pounds, the head of the national association for the advancement of coloured people in Minneapolis, compared the situation with ferguson’s ferguson.
After the police killed a black man there, the justice department said ferguson was more concerned about raising revenue than public safety.
“The shame of the Falcon heights,” Levy said in a speech at the rally. “They should have known what was wrong, and the SAN Antonio police department was ashamed of the plan.”
Unfortunately, st. Anthony and the falcon heights face many of the same challenges as Minneapolis, Sao Paulo and other cities, said Mark Casey, the city’s manager, in a statement.
“We are really concerned about the information and what it represents,” she said. “Racial inequality is a complex and pressing challenge for all of us in terms of arrest, citation and incarceration.”
He said SAN Antonio and other suburbs are continuing to review how officials train and engage in racist and bigotry activities. But he did not specify how to deal with traffic fines.
At some point in his life, castilla was sometimes able to emerge from a huge mountain.
From 2012 to the second half of 2014 — like a hairline — he paid off the fine, some of which earned more than $500 a month.
“He’s trying to do the right thing,” says Beverly Castile, Philando’s aunt. “Yes, he paid off all the tickets, got his license back, and other things, and it was right.
But after about three months of probation, he was stopped again – because “the original plate was not properly displayed.” His license was suspended in January, but he quickly paid $275 back.
Last week, police stopped castilla again.
‘that’s because the taillights are broken,’ said Ms. Castilia, who was sitting in the car. But in an audio recording of a scanner this week from Minnesota public radio, an indifferent official (not yet known as Jeronimo Yanez) told the dispatcher a different story.
“The two residents looked like they were part of the robbery,” he said. “The driver looked more like one of our suspects, just because of his wide nose.
‘this is race analysis,’ said Gloria Hatchett, a family lawyer in castilia.
“How do you say ‘there’s a big mugger with a nose, African American? “She said. “That’s like saying a woman with white hair.”
What happened next is unclear. Is castiri approaching his id card or is he reaching for his gun?
We know that yanez fired his weapon.
What we do know is that castile was stopped by the police at least 46 times in his entire life.
If someone is familiar with the routine and the danger of a traffic site, it is Philando Castile.
July 6 was his last stop.
Alyson Hurt, Sarah Knight and Avery Lill contributed to the report.