Some sugar lovers are tempted.Therefore, when they see foods that lower blood sugar, they will eat it. For example, I heard that bitter gourd can reduce sugar, and every day is a method of making bitter gourd, bitter gourd cold mix, fried bitter gourd, bitter gourd egg. However, experts say vegetables cannot be eaten continuously, even if they lower blood sugar. Li Wenhui, an associate professor of endocrinology at Peking Union Medical College, said that there is a theory about hypoglycemic vegetables. This is because some of the ingredients they contain play an important role compared to other vegetables.
1. Rich dietary fiber. For vegetables: water cabbage, celery, canola and so on. Dietary fiber is a carbohydrate that is not easily digested. After entering the human body, it absorbs water and swells to form a gel structure, increases the viscosity of the food group, delays the gastric emptying rate, and reduces the absorption rate of sugar in the intestinal tract, thereby controlling. blood sugar. In addition, it swells after absorbing water from the gastrointestinal tract, which increases satiety and then controls blood sugar by reducing food intake. Low sugar content. Vegetables include cucumbers, tomatoes, etc. They have low sugar content, and the lycopene contained in tomato has a certain protective effect on islet cells, and has good antioxidant capacity, which is beneficial for sugar lovers to control blood sugar and prevent cardiovascular diseases. 3. Special ingredients. In addition to low sugar content, some vegetables also contain special ingredients that regulate blood sugar. Such as mushrooms, fungus, pumpkin rich in polysaccharides; bitter gourd contains bitter gourd saponin; ginkgo is rich in flavonoids. Polysaccharides maintain glucose homeostasis by modulating the activity of key enzymes in glucose metabolism and protecting islet cells. The saponins of Momordica charantia can reduce postprandial blood glucose by regulating the activity of glucose-metabolizing enzymes and reducing the rate of glucose uptake in the small intestine. Flavonoids can lower blood sugar by stimulating insulin release and increasing glucose uptake.
Three principles should be followed to help lower blood sugar through diet. 1. In order to lower blood sugar, do not lower your blood sugar. Overall. Some tuber vegetables such as yam and potatoes are also rich in fiber, but the starch content is high, belonging to the “vegetable” body and the “staple food” life. Therefore, after taking tubers, pay attention to reducing the intake of staple foods. If you eat a lot of yam, you should pay attention to reducing the intake of staple food such as rice or cake. 2. Multiple intakes. Some people find that green leafy vegetables are too fibrous, so cut them into meatballs or choose acceptable vegetables. 3. Scientific intake. The hypoglycemic component of anything can’t replace the hypoglycemic agent, so controlling blood sugar should follow the doctor’s advice, and food is only an auxiliary effect. No matter what kind of vegetables, don’t eat them continuously. For example, bitter gourd saponin in bitter gourd can regulate blood sugar to a certain extent, and also stimulate the stomach and stomach, causing diarrhea; cucumber has low sugar content, many people can eat fruit or even staple food. On the one hand, it affects the intake of other nutrients, on the other hand, it causes problems such as diarrhea. Li Wenhui recommends that the daily intake of vegetables is preferably 500~750 grams, mainly leaves and stems; cooking is preferred cooking, if you feel light and tasteless, put some sesame sauce and salad dressing on the dishes.