Many people do B overtime in the regular physical examination every year will tell you that you have fatty liver, you need to pay attention to light diet, eat less greasy.
As the saying goes, fatty liver is too much fat in the liver. The medical definition is that when the decomposition and synthesis of fat (mainly triglycerides and fatty acids) in the liver is imbalanced or stored, excessive accumulation occurs in the liver parenchyma cells. Fatty liver can be diagnosed if the total amount of fat exceeds twice the normal amount, or if the histological fat infiltration of the liver parenchyma exceeds 30% to 50%.
There are many causes of fatty liver, such as fat, diabetes, hyperlipidemia or alcoholic hepatitis. Fatty liver disease can also be caused by pregnancy, certain medications or malnutrition, which is relatively rare.
With fatty liver, don’t worry. It is necessary to find out the cause of fatty liver and eliminate the cause as much as possible. At the same time, dietary nutrition needs to be adjusted.
Fatty liver and other liver diseases are different in terms of nutritional needs.
Need to control total energy intake. For fatty liver, proper control and reduction of total energy intake are needed. For normal weight, people who are physically engaged in physical activity should have a daily energy intake of 30 kcal per kilogram of body weight to avoid accumulating fat accumulation. For example, a person weighing 60 kilograms consumes a total of 1,800 kilocalories per day.
Obese or overweight people need to gradually lose weight. The energy intake per kilogram of body weight per day should be controlled at 20~25 kcal.
Appropriate increase in protein intake, especially high quality protein, is needed. 1.2 to 1.5 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight per day is beneficial for the repair and regeneration of hepatocytes. Be careful to take good protein. Methionine, cystine, tryptophan, threonine and lysine all have anti-fatty liver effects. A person weighing 60 kg needs 72 to 90 grams of protein per day.
Cut carbohydrates. Too much carbohydrate can be converted into fat, leading to obesity and fatty liver formation in the liver. Eat yam in moderation, especially coarse grains; do not eat or eat refined sugar, honey, juice, jam, preserves and other sweets and desserts; avoid sugary drinks.
Control your intake of fat and cholesterol. Sitosterol containing vegetable oil or stigmasterol and essential fatty acids has a better lipid-lowering effect, can prevent or eliminate the steatosis of hepatocytes, and contribute to the prevention and treatment of fatty liver. Control the energy provided by fat to no more than 25% of the total energy of the day; limit your cholesterol intake to no more than 300 mg per day.
5.Vitamins and minerals
Make sure you have enough vitamins, minerals and dietary fiber. Ingestion of sufficient vitamins and minerals facilitates the excretion of metabolic waste and plays a role in regulating blood lipids and blood sugar.
Food should be matched with thickness and fineness. It is best to eat fresh vegetables every meal and eat fruit every day to ensure adequate intake of vitamins, minerals and dietary fiber. If necessary, use vitamins and mineral supplements in moderation.
One day recipe example
Breakfast: whole wheat taro, chives scrambled eggs, skim milk cup, spinach and nuts
Lunch: a small bowl of brown rice, celery fried pork, fried lettuce